I don’t think specific ideology matters for would be dictators. The formula has been shockingly simple:
- Tell people what they want to hear. Tell them that everyone else is lying to them.
- Blame “the other” for everything
- Find media outlets (new and old) that will go along with you
- Once people trust you about things they already believed, you can lie to them about anything.
I don’t think most people understand how a mostly honest media is a key element of a democracy. Look at how Yellow Journalism contributed to the Spanish-American War to see what can happen when the media really goes off the rails.
Social media has removed any sort of gate keeper, so “honest media” became “social media”. That’s starting to change and it is going to be interesting to see how the pendulum swings on “Big Tech”.